b'N O T E SBed Calciner, Report No. IDO-14539 (Idaho 47. R.E. Commander, et al, Operation of the BSU Ms. 6, Box 141, Folder 9; Bill Ginkel,Falls: PPCo, 1961) ). Studies of the two-foot Waste Calcining Facility with Highly Welcome. The NRTSWhat It Is andmodel are reported in B.P. Brown, E.S. Radioactive Aqueous Waste, Report No. What It Does., remarks at Pre-ProposalGrimmett, and J.A. Buckham, Development IDO-14662 (Idaho Falls: PPCo, 1966), 1-4; Information Meeting, Elks Club, May 20,of a Fluidized Bed Calcination Process for and L.T. Lakey, Fluidized Bed Calcination, 1965.Aluminum Nitrate Wastes in a Two-Foot iii. Lakey, IDO-14608 contains a summary 9. (AEC liked Aerojet) Aerojet NuclearSquare Pilot Plant Calciner, Part 1, of test-runs. Company, A Historical Brief of the LOFTEquipment Development in Initial Process 48. Richard K. Lester and David J. Rose, The Reactor at the Idaho National EngineeringStudies, Report No. IDO-14586 (Idaho Falls: Nuclear Wastes at West Valley, New York, LaboratoryReport No. ERDA/IDO CI-1275PPCo).Technology Review(May 1977): 20-23. (Idaho Falls: ANC, 1975), 14; (Aerojet41. See INEELphotos NRTS-59-709 and investments) Robert Gillette, NuclearNRTS-59-925. For a history of the old C H A P T E R E I G H T E E N Safety (II): The Years of Delay, sidebarWaste Calcining Facility, see Susan M. The Fall of Phillips Nuclear, ScienceStacy, Idaho National Engineering and Epigraph: William Ginkel, Remarks at Chamber (September 8, 1972): 868; AerojetEnvironmental Laboratory, Old Waste of Commerce Breakfast Meeting, Westbank Commemorates 25th Anniversary MarchCalcining Facility HAER No. ID-33-C, Motel, Id Falls, May 16, 1967, p. 2. Copy 20, Idaho Nuclear News(March 1967): 1;Report No. INEEL-97-01370 (Idaho Falls: provided by Bill Ginkel. (Johnson) to Jordan from Allan C. Johnson,LMITCO, 1997). 1. J.W. Henscheid, interview with author, February 22, 1966, BSU Ms. 6, Box 148,42. L.T. Lakey, et al, Development of Fluidized December 10, 1998. See also Nuclear News Folder 1. Aerojet was a subsidiary of theBed Calcination of Aluminum Nitrate Wastes (October 1969): 17, which described a General Tire Company; Charles Rice,in the Waste Calcining Facility, Report No. failure of the primary coolant heat interview with author, October 15, 1998.IDO-14608 (Idaho Falls: PPCo, 1965),exchangers early in the hydraulic testing 10. IDO news release, Idaho Nuclear Assumespp. ii-5. program (1965) from excessive tube Major Operating Role at NRTS in Idaho,43. (Merit badge sidebar) Boy Scouts Atomic vibrations and which had to be rebuilt. July 1, 1966, BSU Ms. 6, Box 147, FolderEnergy Merit Badge, Nuclear News 2. J.W. Henscheid, December 10, 1998. 36; (shot-gun marriage) Charles Rice,(August 1963): 34; to Len Jordan from 3. (Shaw quotation) William Lanouette, October 15, 1998.Robert L. Shannon, March 14, 1966, BSU, Dream Machine, Atlantic Monthly(April 11. (Quotation) Robert Gillette, The Fall ofMs. 6, Box 148, File 1. 1983): 45. For a summary of safety Phillips Nuclear sidebar, Science44. D.R. Evans, Pilot Plant Studies, 3. See also philosophy, see Elizabeth Rolfe, Nuclear (September 8, 1972): 868.Robert D. Thompson, Ruthenium Behavior Power and the Public Safety. 12. For discussions of the Bandwagon Marketduring Fluidized Bed Calcination of 4. Chuck Rice, interview with author, October that began with the Oyster Creek project, seeRadioactive Waste Solutions: Problem 15, 1998. Richard Rhodes, Nuclear Renewal(NewReview and Program Suggestions, Report 5. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, York: Viking, 1993); Elizabeth Rolfe,No. PTR-743 (Idaho Falls: PPCo, 1965). Hearings on AEC Authorizing Legislation, Nuclear Power and Public Safety; J. SamuelThe calciners first waste feed came from Fiscal Year 1968(Washington: Government Walker, Containing the Atom.aluminum-clad fuel. With the aluminum Printing Office, 1967), 762. 13. The Brookhaven Study was WASH-740, anitrate from the waste stream and aluminum report originally prepared in 1957, when thenitrate from the process, most of the nitrate 6. (Shaw views) Robert Gillette, Nuclear JCAE was preparing the Price-Anderson Actsalt being processed was aluminum nitrate. Safety (I): The Roots of Dissent, Science and contemplating the monetary value ofCalcining turned this into aluminum oxide, (September 1, 1972): 774-776. severe accidents.which is known as the mineral alumina.The 7. Martin, U.S. Rubber to Run Hanford 200 14. Aerojet Nuclear Company, AHistorical Briefcalcined product of zirconium-clad fuel is Area,Build Isotope Plant; Diversification at of the LOFTPro , 1.zirconia. NRTS, Nucleonics(March 1965): 21; A tjec45. Stacy, Old Waste Calcining Facility HAER New Contractor to Manage NRTS in place 15. Aerojet Nuclear Company, AHistorical BriefNo. ID-33-C. of Phillips, Nuclear Industry(February of the LOFTR e a c t o, 1. r46. (500 years) Allied Chemical, The Waste 1965): 12. 16. Roger Anders, unrevised preliminaryCalcining Facility, Idaho Chemical 8. (Thirty companies) NRTS Breakup: AEC unpublished manuscript, Safety Research:Processing Plant(Idaho Falls: Idaho Seeks New Contractor, Nucleonics(June An Impossible Task, copy supplied to StacyChemical Programs, circa 1974), 13. 1965): 27; AEC Invites Proposals for by author, p. 48.Towards the end of life for the WCF, the Operation of Certain Facilities at Idaho 17. Walker, Containing the Atom, 147.bends in the pipe did become a concern. The Site, May 3, 1965, BSU Ms. 6, Box 141, 18. (Zircaloy) Aerojet Nuclear Company, Aabrasion of the calcine particles eroded a Folder 10; (titan firms) Titan Firms to seek Historical Brief of the LOFTProject, 2; (gashole in an elbow of the transport line; Leroy Idaho AEC Contract, Post-Register, circa pressure) Anders, Safety Research, 6.Lewis, personal communication to author, May 9, 1965, in BSU Ms. 6, Box 141,August 31, 1999. Folder 10; General Atomics Here to StudyContract, Post-Register, undated clipping,2 9 5'