b'P ROVING THE P RINCIPLEIdaho Plant; R.L. Doan, MTR-ETR Laboratory EBR-1 Review(cited in Chapter obtaining approval of the AEC andOperating Experience, Nuclear Science and Six notes.) developing consent forms. See transcript ofEngineering(January 1962): 23-24, 26; 23. EBR-II Fact Sheet, copy found in IHS, interview by Baldwin and Baccus, HREXIdaho Operations Office, 1965 Thumbnail Ms. 400, Box 43, File: Legislative JCAE Doc. No. 0726467, p. 16. For a summary ofSketch(Idaho Falls: Idaho Operations 20th Anniversary. CERT test dates, see INEL Historical DoseOffice, 1965), 15. 24. EBR-II since 1964, 24. The first loading of Evaluation, Volume 2 (Idaho Falls: Idaho11. R.L. Doan, MTR-ETR Operating fuel was enriched to 48 percent U-235. Operations Office Report No. DOE/IDExperience, 24. 12119, 1991), page A-72 through A-77. A12. 1965 Thumbnail Sketch, 16-18. 25. For more detailed description, see EBR-II copy of the Nuremburg Code was found atSince 1964, 67-70.www.geneletter.org/0197/nuremburg.htm.13. Bid opening for AEC Tech Services 26. (Burnup rate), EBR-II since 1964, 26. 35. (Sensitive counters) Hawley, ControlledCenter, Arco Advertiser, June 5, 1962. Burnup rate reached 2.6 percent in 1975. Environmental Radioiodine Tests, 14; for an14. J.O. Roberts, Selected Operating 27. Holl, Anders, and Buck, Civilian Nuclear account of personal experiences, see IdahoExperience of Commission Power Power Policy, 10. Press Tribune, January 19, 1987.Reactors, 32 (full citation in28. Holl, Argonne, 230; AEC Kills Argonnes 36. Stannard, Radioactivity and Health, AChapter 14). FARET in favor of Fast Flux Test Facility, History, 1,300, 1,302; (laboratory15. November 1958 Thumbnail Sketch, 23; Nucleonics Week, December 2, 1965. experiments) J.D. Zimbrick and P.G.(gauges) Jack Clark, interview with author, 29. J. Newell Stannard, Radioactivity and Voilleque, Controlled EnvironmentalJuly 16, 1998. Health, A History, Report No. Radioiodine Tests at the National Reactor16. For more on OMRE and EOCR, see DOE/RL01830-T59 (Hanford: Pacific Testing Station Progress Report NumberArrowrock Group, Context History, 85-88. Northwest Laboratory, 1988), 1299; C.A. Four, Report No. IDO-12065 (Idaho Falls:17. (Melting point) C. Wayne Bills, Hawley, et al, Controlled Environmental IDO, 1969), 2.communication to author, circa August 20, Radioiodine Tests, National Reactor Testing37. Uranium ProductionICPPProcessing1999. Piqua was one of the Second Round Station, Report No. IDO-12035 (Idaho Falls: Runs, Revised 10-1-75, M.P.H., and CPPof demonstrations initiated by AEC IDO, 1964), 1; John Horan, interview with 601 Processing History, both provided byinvitation in September 1955. See Holl, author, January 15, 1999. Jeff Bryant of INTEC (ICPP).Anders, and Buck, Civilian Nuclear Power 30. Clyde Hawley, interview with author, 38. See W.S. Ginnell, J.J. Martin, and L.P.Policy,5; Controlled Nuclear Chain September 22, 1999. Hatch, Ultimate Disposal of RadioactiveReaction: The First 50 Years(La Grange 3 1 . John Horan, July 14, 1998; Hawley, Wastes, Nucleonics(December, 1954): 14-Park, Illinois: American Nuclear Society, C o n t rolled Environmental Radioiodine 18; Outlook for Waste Disposal,1992), 41; and numerous editions of Te s t s, 2. Nucleonics(November 1957): 155-164; TheThumbnail Sketch. Waste Calcining Facility at the Idaho18 . William R. Corliss. S N A PNuclear Space 32. (Location), C.A. Hawley, ed., Controlled Chemical Processing Plant, pamphlet, noEnvironmental Radioiodine Tests at the date, no author, p. 2; Joseph A. Lieberman,R e a c t o r s( Washington, D.C.: U.S. A ECNational Reactor Testing Station 1965 Treatment and Disposal of Fuel-Division of Technical Information, 1966), 11.Progress Report, Report No. IDO-12047 Reprocessing Waste, Nucleonics(February19. July 1971 Thumbnail Sketch, 34. (Idaho Falls: IDO, 3; (grid) D.F. Bunch, 1958): 86; and J.I. Stevens, et al,20. Richard Meservey, interview with author, Controlled Environmental Radioiodine Tests Preliminary Process Criteria and DesignsOctober 12, 1998. See also letter to J.W. Progress Report Number Two, Report No. for Waste Calcining Facilities at the IdahoMcCaslin from G.L. Cordes, January 20, IDO-12053 (Idaho Falls: IDO), 3; (bids) Chemical Processing Plant, Report No.1965, Monthly Report of TAN-SPERT HP IDO News Releases, April 21, 1966; April PTR-177 (Idaho Falls: PPCo, 1957), 5.Section for December 1965, HREX Doc. 25, 1967; May 6, 1967; April 2, 1970; April 39. See C.E. Stevenson, et al, Waste CalcinationNo. 0721415. 13, 1970; in BSU, Ms. 6, Box 155, File 1. and Fission Product Recovery Facilities21. IdahosAtom Mission in Space, Post- 33. George Voelz, Remembering the Early ICPP, A Conceptual Design, Report PTR-Register,April 14, 1965, 4; Corliss, SNAP Years, HREX Doc. No. 0727845. Other 106 (Idaho Falls: PPCo, 1956); and D.R.Nuclear Space Reactors, 35-38.1965 sources indicate that from six to ten people Evans, Pilot Plant Studies with a Six-InchThumbnail Sketch, 32. See also AEC/ID were involved in the experiments. See U.S. Diameter Fluidized Bed Calciner, Reportnews release No. 63-11, AEC Schedules DOE, Human Radiation Experiments: The No. IDO-14539 (Idaho Falls: PPCo), 2.Deliberate Reactor Destructive Test for Department of Energy Roadmap to the StoryNovember, September 17, 1963, HREX and the Records, Report no. DOE/EH-0445 40. Argonne National Laboratory, AnnualDocument No. 721416. See also John (Washington, D.C.: DOE, 1995), 239. Reportsfor 1955 (p. 21-23), 1956 (p. 65),Horan, Memo to File, January 14, 1966, 1957 (p. 95-97). See also C.E. Stevenson, etHREX Document No. 727305. The tests 34. In a 1994 interview with researchers al, Waste Calcination and Fission Productwere named SNAPTRAN (SNAP Transient). investigating human radiation experiments, Recovery FacilitiesICPP,A ConceptualJohn Horan expressed his belief that the Design, Report PTR-106 (Idaho Falls:22. R. (Dick) Smith, The Breeder Reactor NRTS might have been the only AEC PPCo, 1956); and D.R. Evans, Pilot PlantConcept, Idaho National Engineering laboratory to follow the protocol of Studies with a Six-Inch Diameter Fluidized29 4'