b'N O T E S3.deBoisblanc, ANS Newsletter, of Interview with John K. Harrop and IHS, Samuelson Papers, Box 50, File:June 1989. Joseph J. Shonka in Idaho Falls, Summer Governor Samuelson NuclearMisc.4. (Architects) Fred McMillan, February 2, 1994, 2. 24. Minutes of the Idaho State Board of Health,1999; (welcome) see for example Two Join 15. See for example, Press Release, May 18, April 21-22, 1958; August 4-5, 1958,Phillips Petroleum Staff, Post-Register, 1961: Annual Summary of Environmental Minute Book at Idaho State Department ofAugust 1, 1951, 3. Monitoring Data for 1960, in records of Health and Welfare, Directors Office,5. Atom Pioneer Directs Phillips Project Senator Henry Dworshak, IHS, Ms. 84, Box Boise, Idaho, p. 58 and 63, respectively.Here, Post-Register,August 19, 1951. See 122 B, File: AEC-Id-Press Releases. Among early industrial users of radioactivealso Virginia Doan Fanger, ANS Newsletter, 16. AEC to Employ Top Safeguards Here, materials was the agricultural industry,June 1989. Post-Register, May 11, 1950, 15. which used tracers to help identify the6. Stephane Groueff, Manhattan17. Henry Peterson, interview with author, uptake of pesticides or fertilizers in plants.Project, 80. February 22, 1999; (NCRPstandards) 25. Program for Regulation and Control.7. deBoisblanc, Idaho ANS Newsletter, June Elizabeth S. Rolph, Nuclear Power and the 1968, 5.1989; Richard Austin Smith, Phillips Public Safety(Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath 26. See, for example, letter to Smylie from LyallPetroleumYoungest of the Giants, and Co., 1979), 108; John Horan, interview Johnson, Acting Director of the Division ofFortune(August 1954): 72; and Phillips with Baldwin and Bacchus, 1994. An Materials Licensing, AEC-DC, May 13,Petroleum Company, Phillips, The First 66 exposure of 50 milirems per day was an 1964, in IHS AR2/23, Box 17, File: AtomicYears(Bartlesville, Oklahoma: Phillips allowable exposure, but alarms sounded at Energy.Petroleum Company, 1983), 86, 125-140. 80 percent of that value. 27. To Governor Smylie from Terrell Carver,8. Warren Nyer, Idaho ANS Newsletter, June 18. AEC Sets Radioactivity Study at Idaho August 9, 1963, IHS, Smylie Papers, Box1989, 7-9. Site; College Gets Contract, Post-Register, 20, File: Health Department, 1963. See also9. Ibid. June 19, 1950, 3; Experts Test Weather Minutes of the Board of Health, July 30-31,Data, Post-Register, May 14, 1950, 14. 1964, p. 241. The IDO/Phillips10. (Pappy) John Byrom, interview with author, 19. Idaho Department of Labor, First Biennial representatives were C. Wayne Bills, J.August 25, 1999; deBoisblanc, Miles Report of the Department of Labor,August Weaver McCaslin, and Tabb OBrien;Leverett, Warren Nyer, ANS Newsletter, 15, 1949December 31, 1950, 1. Minutes of the Governors Committee onJune 1989, 6-9. 20. To Governor Robins from W.L. Robison, the Use of Atomic Energy and Radiation11. Phillips, The First 66 Years, 86, 125-140. March 22, 1950, IHS AR2/22, Box 1, File: Hazards, February 19, 1964, held at the12. The study is described by W. Singlevich, et Arco Atomic Energy Plant-1950, part II. See office of the Department of Labor, Boise. Inal, Natural Radioactive Materials in the also AEC to Organize Medical Program, IHS, Smylie Papers, Box 21, File: LaborArco Reactor Test Site, Report No. HW- Post-Register, June 21, 1950, 9. Department 1962-1964.21221 (cover title: Ecological and 21. (Accident rates) First Biennial Report,25; 28. To Clinton P.Anderson from T.O. Carver,Radiological Studies of the Arco Reactor (ceremony) Idaho Department of Labor, February 18, 1959; IHS, Mss 84, Box 104,Test Site(Richland: General Electric Third Biennial Report of the Department of File: Legislative AEC Misc. 1959.Nucleonics Division, Hanford Works, 1951), Labor, October 31, 1952 to October 1954, 29. Statement by the Honorable Robert E.1-49. See also AEC Sets Radioactivity 29. Smylie, Governor of the State of Idaho, toStudy at Idaho Site; College Gets Contract, 22. Committee to Advise AEC on Health in the Natural Resources Subcommittee of thePost-Register, June 19, 1950, 3. Area, Arco Advertiser, March 19, 1954, 3; Committee on Government Operations,13. John Horan, in an interview with author, Idaho Board Approves AEC Health presented at a hearing held November 22,indicated that Health and Safety Division Safeguards, Arco Advertiser, March 26, 1963, Seattle, Washington, IHS, AR2/23,personnel in particular made use of the 1954, 1; State Committee Ends Meeting at Box 25, File: Len Jordan 1962-64. For areport: Singlevich, et al, Natural Radioactive AEC Plant, Arco Advertiser, July 22, 1955, review of Idaho/AEC relations regardingMaterials in the Arco Reactor Test Site, 7. housing, grazing, law enforcement, andReport No. HW-21221. See note 12 for full other matters, see Jack M. Holl, The NRTS:citation. 23. (Hospitals) Ninth Semiannual Report of the The AEC in Idaho, 85 Pacific Northwest14. (Nevada test site) Hewlett, Atomic Shield, AEC, January 1951, 31; (Idaho hospitals) Quarterly(January 1994): 15-24.Dr. Lawrence Knight, interview with author,535; (malfunctioning, 10 mr/hr on truck) April 20, 1999; Mountain States Tumor C H A P T E R E I G H TPhillips Petroleum Company, Survey of Fall- Institute, supplement in Idaho Statesman,out of Radioactive Material in South and May 11, 1997, 2. St. Lukes Hospital in Epigraph: Idaho Department of Labor, 2ndSouth-East Idaho Following the Las Vegas, Boise organized an isotope laboratory in Biennial Report, 21. Thanks to Warren Nyer,Nevada Tests of October and November, 1957 and began cobalt cancer therapy in from whom I first heard the term reactor zoo.1951, Report IDO 12000 HPO (Idaho Falls: 1960. (Shoes) Department of Health, 1. Hewlett, Atomic Shield, 497. See also, Holl,Site Survey Section of the Health Physics Radiation Health Section, Program for the Argonne National Laboratory, 1946-1996,Division, NRTS, 1952), 11, 8; (truck, Regulation and Control of the Use of 99. Holl reports the shortage as 12.5rainstorm explanation) John Horan, Draft Radiation in the State of Idaho, 1968, 5, kilograms of uranium-235, this being the2 8 5'