b'N O T E SNuclear Blast, Business Week, January 7, AEC/Idaho Operations press release, 22. See for example Harvey Wasserman and1961. February 11, 1961, IHS, Dworshak Papers, Normon Solomon, Killing Our Own, The5. (Reuther quote) Press Release from Box 122 B, File AECPress Releases. Disaster of Americas Experience withIndustrial Union Department of AFL-CIO, Also, Hogerton, Atomic Energy Desk Book, Atomic Radiation(New York: DelacorteJanuary 5, 1961, at IHS, Ms 84, Box 122 B, 33. The Army operated SM-1 at Fort Press, 1982); John Fuller, WeAlmost LostFile: AEC-Idaho Plant; (defeat) AMonth Belvoir; SM-1Aat Fort Greeley,Alaska; Detroit(New York: Readers Digest Press,After the Idaho Accident, Oak Ridger, PM-2Aat Camp Century, Greenland; PM-1 1975); John May, The Greenpeace Book ofFebruary 6, 1961. at Sundance Air Force Base, Wyoming; PM- the Nuclear Age(New York: PantheonThe forty-item list included incidents such 3Aat McMurdo Sound, Antarctica; PL-3 at Books, 1989); Leslie J. Freeman, Nuclearas the MTR fuel rod with a pin-hole leak Byrd Station; and Sturgis, a barge. Witnesses: Insiders Speak Out(New York:(described in Chapter 12) and similar events 15. (Power dates) Suid, Armys Nuclear W.W. Norton and Co., 1981).that had occurred in other AEC facilities Program, 91. C H A P T E R S EV E N T E E Nacross the country.The information was 16. T.L. Murphy, Final Disassembly andavailable for review in unclassified AEC Examination of the ML-1 Reactor Cor, e Epigraph: William Ginkel, EG&G Bulletin, Julyliterature. IDO-171-90, (Idaho Falls: PPCo, 1966), 19, 1985, 1.6. To Senator Henry Dworshak from Donald E. 110-111; Economic Military Power Arrives, 1. Johnson Resigns at AEC, Arco Advertiser,Seifert and George Dragich, May 11, 1061, But Pentagon Hesitates, Nucleonics(April December 8, 1961, 1; C. Wayne Bills, inter-in IHS, Mss 84, Box 122 B, File: AEC- 1960): 27; Suid, Armys Military Reactors, view with author, February 3, 1999.Idaho Plant. 92-93. See also Stacy, Army Reactor7. To Senator Dworshak from John T. Conway, Experimental Area, HAER No. ID-33-D. 2. William Ginkel, interview with author,June 20, 1961, IHS, Mss 84, Box 122 B, 17. The SL-1 Burial Ground was regraded and October 13, 1998.File: AEC Miscellaneous. recontoured in 1997 after a 1996 Record of 3. Warren Nyer, Recollections and8. (Wilson) To Senator Dworshak from John T. Decision signed by the Department of Reflections, Idaho ANS Newsletter(JuneConway, acting executive director of JCAE, Energy, the Environmental Protection 1989): 9.June 1, 1961, in IHS, Mss 84, Box 122 B, Agency, and the State of Idaho. The new 4. The following quotations and informationFile: AEC-Idaho Plant. natural-material cap was to improve the regarding the ATR not otherwise noted areisolation of hazardous materials from from Deslonde deBoisblanc, interviews and9. Atomic Energy Commission Investigation humans and the surrounding environment. personal communications with author,Board, SL-1 Accident(Washington, D.C.: Erik Simpson, Agencies agree to cap August-September 1999.Joint Committee Print, U.S. Government reactor burial grounds, INELNews 5. D.R. deBoisblanc, The Advanced TestPrinting Office, 1961), ix. (February 6, 1996): 7.ReactorATRFinal Conceptual Design,10. Johnson Resigns at AEC, Arco 18. Reactor Safety: Accident Control Study, Report No. IDO-16667 (Idaho Falls:Advertiser, December 8, 1961, 1; John Nucleonics(April 1964): 28. See John R. Phillips, 1960), 11-13; and DeslondeHoran, C. Wayne Bills interviews with Horan and C. Wayne Bills, What Have We deBoisblanc, personal communications.author, July 16, 1998, and February 2, 1999, Learned? Health Physics at SL-1, 6. Deslonde deBoisblanc, personalrespectively. Nucleonics(December 1961): 48; Voelz, communications to author,August 23 and11. To Ramey from A.R. Luedecke, January 12, November 29, 1994. The film, The SL-1 September 2, 1999.1961, in IHS, Mss 84, Box 122 B, File: Accident, produced by Idaho OperationsAEC-Idaho Press Releases; AEC Surveys Office circa 1962, was in three parts, Phase 7. Deslonde deBoisblanc, communication toSafety of Licensed Reactors, Post-Register, 1, 2, and 3. All were converted to video author,August 23, 1999.January 13, 1961;Safety Survey Launched format. 8. For additional information on the ATR, seefor all Reactors Licensed by AEC, Idaho 19. C. Wayne Bills, personal communication to D.R. deBoisblanc et al, The Advanced TestDaily Statesman, January 13, 1961; AEC author, June 25, 1999. ReactorATR Final Conceptual Design,Asks U. Bolster Reactor Safety, Salt Lake 20. (Exposures) IDO Report on the Nuclear Report No. IDO-16667 (Idaho Falls: PPCo,Tribune, January 13, 1961. Incident at the SL-1, 27; John R. Horan and 1960). See pamphlet, Advanced Test Reactor12. J.W. Henscheid, interview with author, C. Wayne Bills, What Have We Learned? (Idaho Falls: Idaho Nuclear Corporation, noDecember 10, 1998. Health Physics at SL-1, Nucleonics date) for addition description of the reactor.13. David Okrent, On the History of the (December 1961): 43. 9. Idaho Rites Start Record Atom Job, Post-Evolution of Light Water Reactor Safety in 21. Rescue, Control Crews Honored for Register, no date, p. 1, 12, clipping in IHS,the United States(Los Angeles: University Service After SL-1 Blast, Post-Register, Ms. 84, Box 124, File: AEC-Idaho Plant,of Los Angeles, 1978), pp. 6-102 to 6-106. March 6, 1962, 12; AEC Honors 1961.Okrent reproduces a letter from the ACRS to Participants in SL-1 Reactor Emergency, 10. Letter to Senator Dworshak from RichardA.R. Luedecke, December 31, 1962. March 6, 1962, IDO Press Release, IHS, MS Donovan, November 7, 1961, IHS, Ms. 84,14. (Greenland) To Ramey from Luedecke, 84, Box 124, File: AEC Idaho Plant. Box 122 B, File: AEC Miscellaneous;January 12, 1961, op cit.; (ML-1) (Geneva) IDO Press Release, September 11,1958, at IHS, Ms. 84, Box 83, File: AEC-2 9 3'