b'P ROVING THE P RINCIPLESeries 1, File: Arco Atomic Energy Plant, C H A P T E R S I X Books, 1959), 41; Buck and Leyse, MTR1949, part 1; also see letter to J. Bion Handbook, 29.Philipson from James Reid, November 30, Epigraph: The occasion for the song was an 14. Buck and Lehse, MTR Handbook, 37;1949, IHS AR2/22, Box 1, Series 1, File: AEC announcement that Oak Ridge would not Hewlett, Atomic Shield, 126, 419.Arco Atomic Energy Plant 1949, part 1. be involved further in reactor development, but 15. Hewlett, Atomic Shield, 186-188.24. Dworshak and Welker in Blackfoot Today, that such work would be centralized at Argonne. 16. (Groundbreaking) Buck and Lehse, MTRDiscussion on Highway 20 Construction; See Hewlett, Atomic Shield, 126.Handbook, 43; (siting) John Horan, July 29,Irate as Johnson Bypasses the Meeting, 1. Kirby Whitham, interview with author, 1997.Blackfoot Daily Bulletin, September 12, October 14, 1998. The test was conducted in1952. the EBR-I reactor.An organic compound is 17. Hewlett, Atomic Shield, 496.25. Groups Ready Dedication of Idaho Falls- one which contains carbon. 18. (Quotation in previous paragraph andArco Highway, Post-Register, September 2. William Ginkel, interview with author, extended quote) John W. Simpson, Nuclear21, 1951; Deal Dedicates New Arco, Idaho February 3, 1999. Power from Underseas to Outer Space(LaFalls Highway, Post-Register, October 8, Grange Park, Illinois: American Nuclear1951. 3. Holl, Argonne, 68-69. Society, 1995), 22 and 26-27, respectively.26. (Quotation) Lou Haller, Johnston Explains 4. In reactor technology, neutrons with energies 19. Simpson, Nuclear Power, 27; (MTRAEC Position on the Road, Rich Sets 1954- above 100,000 electron volts are called fast contribution to STR) 1965 Thumbnail55 As Completion Date; Senator Dworshak neutrons. EBR-I neutrons moved with two Sketch, 13.Has Asked Federal Aid, Blackfoot Daily million electron volts of energy. 20. Accounts of Rickover and the Nuclear NavyBulletin, September 23, 1952; Dworshak 5. For a general overview of fast reactors see include Richard Hewlett and Francis Duncan,and Welker in Blackfoot Today; Discussion Alan M. Jacobs, et al, Basic Principles of Nuclear Navy 1946-1962( C h ic ag o :on Highway 20 Construction; Irate as Nuclear Science and Reactors(D. Van University of Chicago Press, 1974); PolmarJohnston By-passes the Meeting, Blackfoot Nostrand Company: Princeton, 1960), 171- and Allen, op cit.Daily Bulletin, September 12, 1952; 175. 21. (Rickover quote) Ronald Schiller,Plastino, page 13. 6. New Pump to Aid AEC At Idaho Falls Submarines in the Desert, Colliers27. State Engineer Says Highway 26 Serving Plants, Salt Lake Tribune,April 14, 1952. Magazine(February 5, 1954): 90. PolmarAEC from Blackfoot Should Be Given First Engineers also installed more conventional and Allen, Rickover, 149. The original namePriority, Blackfoot Daily Bulletin, pumps in each of the main cooling systems. of the Idaho reactor was Mark I; theNovember 21, 1952; Sen. Dworshak 7. Hewlett, Atomic Shield, 496. Nautilusreactor, Mark II. Rickover referredReports AEC and Bureau of Public Roads to the development shortcut as Mark IHave Assured Construction Money Aid, 8. Kirby Whitham, October 14, 1998. equals Mark II.Post-Register, December 22, 1952. 9. Dr. Walter Zinn Recalls Early Days, Idaho 22. Simpson, Nuclear Power, 43.28. Sen. Dworshak Reports AEC and Bureau National Engineering Laboratory EBR-Iof Public Roads Have Assured Construction Review, 1. This undated reprint with no 23. (McGaraghans Sea) Schiller, Colliers, 88;Money Aid, Post-Register, December 22, other publication data is a collection of (backscatter) Dr. John Taylor,1952; Crews Start Plotting AEC-Rexburg stories about EBR-I printed some time after communication with author,August 6, 1999.Road, Salt Lake Tribune, January 27, 1952. December 13, 1971, possibly by the INEL Taylor was responsible for the backscatter29. (Bus fare) William Ginkel, interview with employee newspaper. Copy found in Bechtel research.author, February 3, 1999. Cultural Resources departmental files at 24. The Bluejackets Manual, 19th editionINEEL. Hereafter, EBR-I Review. (Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press,30. ToAlton B. Jones, State Superintendent of 10. John H. Buck and Carl F. Leyse, Materials 1973), 153.Schools, from George Green, Superintendent Testing Reactor Project Handbook, Report 25. Simpson, Nuclear Power, 27, 224-337.of Schools for Bannock County,April 26, No. TID-7001 (Lemont, Illinois: Argonne1949, IHS AR2/22, Box 1, Series 1, File: National Laboratory and Oak Ridge 26. Simpson, Nuclear Power, 50.Arco Atomic Energy Plant, part 1. See alsoHoll, The National Reactor Testing Station; National Laboratory, 1951), 356. For a brief C H A P T E R S EV E NRobb Brady, interview with author,August description of nuclear physics research at the27, 1998. MTR, see NRTS, 1965 Thumbnail Sketch, Epigraph: Marion Thomas, Recollections and16-17. Beam experiments did extend outside Reflections, Idaho American Nuclear Society31. L.E. Johnston Explains Purpose and the MTR building, but not to distances of a Newsletter(June 1989), 5.Development of Reactor Plant, Arco quarter of a mile.Advertiser, December 9, 1949, 1. 11. Buck and Lehse, MTR Handbook, 29. 1. Deslonde R. deBoisblanc, Idaho ANSNewsletter, 5-6. This issue contained several12. For general history of MTR development, tributes to Dr. Doan by former associates.see Buck and Lehse, MTR Handbook, 34-43.2. Fred McMillan, interview with author,13. Donald J. Hughes. The Neutron Story February 2, 1999.(Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday Anchor28 4'