b'P ROVING THE P RINCIPLE22. (Steno) Mary Freund; (preparations) Henry Idaho Nuclear Corporation, 1984-1994; Radioactive Liquid WastesReport No. PTR-Peterson, February 3, 1999; (legend) Hal Lockheed Martin Idaho Corporation, 1994- 241 (Idaho Falls: 1957, PPCo.), 8.Paige, February 4, 1999. 1999. The Bechtel Corporation assumed 19. See Cyril M. Slansky and John A. McBride,C H A P T E R E L EV E N responsibility in 1999. The Case for Small Reprocessing Plants,10. Don Reid, Cassette Tape # 2, 6-9. Nucleonics(September 1962): 43-56.1. Don Reid, in undated transcript of taped 11. Mark L. Sutton, ICPP Historical Data, 20. Knecht, Historical Fuel Reprocessing, 40.interview named Don Reids Early CPP September 8, 1988, 1. Copy supplied to The ratio of ten gallons of fission product toHistory, Cassette Tape # 1, p. 9-10. A author by Jeff Bryant. This also is source for one million gallons of stored waste wassecond tape was named Cassette Tape # 2. sidebar, p. 98, Memories of an Operator noted in a letter from John B. Huff to HenryNo copies of the tape were found, nor the Helper at the Chem Plant. Dworshak, August 18, 1958, IHS, Ms. 84,name of the interviewer.Transcript supplied 12. R.B. Lemon and D.G. Reid, Experience Box 83, File: AEC-Idaho Plant. Genevato author by Jeff Bryant of INTEC (Chem With a Direct Maintenance Radiochemical Conference ICPPReport, p. 534, says low-Plant). Processing Plant, Proceedings of the activity waste was discharged directly to2. Don Reid, Cassette Tape # 1, 14, 16. International Conference on the Peaceful the ground. Boron is a neutron poison, aUses of Atomic EnergyVolume 9 (Geneva: material that absorbs neutrons and helps3. (AEC plans) Don Reid, Cassette Tape # 1, United Nations, 1956), 536. prevent accidental criticalities.14-17. In a bomb detonation, tritium 13. Don Reid, Cassette Tape No. 2, 15. See also 21. N.J. Rigstad, ICPP EIS, 1973, p. 7,undergoes a fusion reaction with deuterium, Uranium ProductionICPPProcessing manuscript provided to author by Jeffproducing a generous supply of neutrons Runs, Revised 10-1-75, MPH, an ICPP Bryant. For a summary of how processwhich in turn promote the fissioning of history of production runs; and AEC chemistry progressed, see Dieter A. Knecht,plutonium atoms. Chemical Processing Plant Begins Operation Historical Fuel Reprocessing, 35-47.4. TWX from C. Vanden Bulck, Oak Ridge at Arco Site, Idaho State Journal, March Between 1953 and 1988, the Chem PlantNational Laboratory, to R. Cook, USAEC, 15, 1953. recovered 31,432 kilograms of U-235.Washington, D.C., August 31, 1953, HREX 14. Reid, Cassette Tape # 2, 11. 22. Don Reid, Cassette Tape # 2, 17-18. SeeDoc. No. 0709671. also Rigstad, 12. The fuel cutting facility5.Richard Rhodes, The Making of the A t o m i c 15. Reid, Cassette Tape # 2, 12-14. was at CPP-603, the Fuel Storage Facility. ItB o m b(New York: Simon and Schuster, 16. For a more detailed description of the had to be modified to receive and unload1986), 574. See also Human Studies Project ICPPs modified PUREX process, see fuel arriving in 75-ton casks, heavier thanTeam Fact Sheet, Bayo Canyon/The RaLa Brewer F. Boardman, The ICPP (A earlier casks.Program, January 10, 1994, HREX Doc. No. Factsheet)(Idaho Falls: Idaho Operations 23. (Dates of RaLa program) U.S. DOE, INEL0701316, p. 1. Office, 1957). For a general description of Historical Dose Evaluation Report No.6. To R. Cook, Washington, D.C., from C. the plant and its operations, see R.B. Lemon DOE/ID-12119 (Idaho Falls: DOE/IDO,Vanden Bulck, acting manager ORNL, and D.G. Reid, Experience With Direct 1991), Vol. 1, p. A-26. The program wasAugust 31, 1953, HREX Doc. no. 0709671. Maintenance Plant, 532-545. under design and cold testing from MarchSee also John Horan, Summer 1994 17. L.A. Decker, Significant Accomplishments 1954 to November 1956. For a descriptioninterview by John K. Harrop and Joseph J. in the History of the ICPP, paper presented of the RaLa cell, see Cyril M. Slansky andShonka, pp. 1-2. Iodine is taken up by the at the 1972 National Meeting of the John A. McBride, The Case for Smallhuman thyroid gland. American Chemical Society, San Francisco, Reprocessing Plants, Nucleonics7. General Managers Diary entry for April 18, California, September 1, 1976, p. 5. In 1969 (September 1962): 44-45; (Operating prac-1950, HREX Doc. No. 0723885; to Carroll Idaho Nuclear Corporation designed a tices) E.R. Ebersole, RaLa MonitoringWilson, General Manager,AEC, from denitration facility to convert the liquid into Experience in ACompendium ofGeorge Brown, Director of Engineering, UO 3 , a granular solid, for which, see N.J. Information for Use in Controlling RadiationAEC, April 25, 1950, HREX Doc. No. Rigstad, ICPPEnvironmental Impact Emergencies, delivered at a Conference in0720687; to George Brown from Ray Statement, 1973, a draft manuscript Idaho Falls on February 23, 1958, HREXKnapp, May 3, 1950, HREX Doc. No. supplied to author by Jeff Bryant, p. 17. The Doc. No. 704450; (procedures in early years0720685. change was stimulated by more stringent of RaLa runs prior to addition of filtration8. The hexone process was called REDOX; the packaging and shipping requirements. equipment) John Horan, interview withtributyl phosphate process, PUREX. In the 18. Dieter Knecht, et al, Historical Fuel Harrop and Shonka, Summer 1994, pp. 2, 4-history of the Chem Plant, there were three Reprocessing and HLW Management in 6; (iodine retention), Phillips Petroleumaccidental criticalities. Idaho, Radwaste Magazine(May 1997): Company, Idaho Chemical Processing Plant40. See also Richard K. Lester and David J. (Idaho Falls: PPCo, n.d., but circa 1965), 33.9. Succeeding operators were Phillips Rose, The Nuclear Wastes at West Valley, 24. John Byrom, note to author, June 24, 1999.Petroleum Company, 1953-1966; Idaho New York, Technology Review(May 1977): See also Horan, interview with Harrop andNuclear Corporation, 1966-1971; Allied 20-21, for discussion of neutralization of Shonka, Summer 1994, pp. 4-5; and Horan,Chemical, 1971-1979; Exxon Nuclear acid wastes and its cost; (quotatation) John interview with Baldwin and Bacchus, HREXCorporation, 1979-1984; Westinghouse B. Huff, Furnace Separations for Doc. No. 0726467, pp. 26-27.28 8'