b'N O T E SDworshak Papers, Box 122 B, File: AEC Experience, and Economics, (Princeton, 25 A rgonne National Laboratory, Annual Report.Idaho Plant. N.J.: Van Nostrand (Nuclear Science Series), for 1957, Report No. ANL-5870 (Chicago:1964), 167-213; to Senator Dworshak from ANL, 1958), 83.C H A P T E R F O U R T E E N Francis K. McCune, GE, September 25,1958; IHS, Ms 84, Box 104, File: 26. Loftness, Nuclear Power Plants, 339; ANL-Epigraph: Transient Studies, Nucleonics(June Legislative AEC Misc 1959. West, EBR-II since 1964(Idaho Falls: ANL-1960): 115. W, 1983).12. Reactor safety programs also took place at 27. For design and other details, see George1. Plastino, Coming of Age, 64; Holl, Argonne, other national labs; ie, Kinetic Energy Water Freund, et al, Design Summary Report on118. The acronym comes from the letters Boilers (KEWB) were safety tested at Los the Transient Reactor Test Facility, TREAT,BOiling water Re Actor eXperiment.Alamos. Report No. ANL-6034 (Chicago: ANL,2. Holl, Argonne, 118; Andrew W. Kramer, 13. Richard L. Doan, Two Decades of Reactor 1960).Understanding the Nuclear Reactor Safety Evaluation, Memorial Lecture in 28. ANL, Annual Report 1959, 102; Edmund S.(Barrington, Illinois: Technical Publishing honor of Dr. C. Rogers McCullough Sowa, First TREAT ResultsMeltdownCo., 1970), 37, 70. prepared for Winter Meeting of the Tests of EBR-II Fuel, Nucleonics(June3. J.R. Dietrich and D.C. Laymans, Transient American Nuclear Society,Washington, 1960): 122-124.and Steady State Characteristics of a D.C., November 15-18, 1970, p. 3. For 29. These were the Argonne Fast SourceBoiling Reactor: The Borax Experiments, general histories of reactor safety, see Reactor (AFSR) and Zero-Power Reactor1953, Report No. ANL-5211, February George T. Mazuzan and J. Samuel Walker, Three (ZPR-III). ZPR-I and -II were not1954; Holl, Argonne, 118; Plastino, Coming Controlling the Atom(Berkeley: University located at the NRTS.of Age, quoting Ray Haroldsen, 64. of California Press, 1984) and J. Samuel4. Holl, Argonne, 118. Walker, Containing the Atom(Berkeley: 30. About the Idaho Division. (Idaho Falls:University of California Press, 1992). Argonne Idaho Facilities, 1964), Fact Sheet5. Holl, Argonne, 119. 14. Jack M. Holl, et al., United States Civilian EBR-II, page 1-2. The approach to design-6. Holl, Argonne, 120; (talk of dynamite), Nuclear Power Policy, 1954-1984: A level power production was gradual, attainedClyde Hammond, interview with author, History(Washington, D.C., U.S. DOE, on September 25, 1969.October 15, 1998. 1985), 4. C H A P T E R F I FT E E N7. Plastino, Coming of Age, quoting Haroldsen, 15. Warren Nyer, interview with author,64. February 1, 1999. Epigraph: Interview of George Voelz,8. For account of 1955 Geneva Conference, see 16. (Location) T.R. Wilson An Engineering Remembering the Early Years, Report No.Laura Fermi, Atoms for the World: United Description of the SPERT-1 Reactor DOE/EM 0454, November 29, 1994, HREXStates Participation in the Conference on the Facility, Report No. IDO 16318 (Idaho Doc. No. 0727845.Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy(Chicago: Falls: ANL, 1957), 8. (vocabulary) to Glenn 1. Lawrence H. Suid, The Armys NuclearUniversity of Chicago Press, 1974). Seaborg from Senator Dworshak, November Power Program, The Evolution of a Support9. Plastino, Coming of Age, 64-65. The 16, 1961, IHS MS 84, Box 122 B, File: Agency(New York: Glenwood Press, 1990),addition of the generating equipment earned AEC-Idaho Plant. p. 3-8, 82. For technical detail on the SL-1BORAX-II its new designation as BORAX- 17. SPERT-2 Features Versatility, Nucleonics reactor and artists renderings of DEWLineIII. BORAX-IV was BORAX-III with a new (June 1960): 120; pamphlet, Special Power packages, barge-mounted reactors, and othercore made of a fuel containing Thorium Excursion Reactor Tests (Idaho Falls: applications, see Army Reactor Program,Oxide and Uranium Oxide. Phillips Petroleum Company, n.d.), 18. Nucleonics(February 1969): 53-54 and10. Arco First City in United States Lighted by 18. Nyer, February 1, 1999. insert. See also ANL Annual Report 1958,Atomic Power, Arco Advertiser,August 12, 19. Special Power Excursion Reactor Tests, Report No. ANL-5980 (Lemont, Illinois:1955, 1; Arco Gets Premier Showing of (Idaho Falls: Phillips Petroleum Company. ANL, 1959), 53-55.AEC Film, Arco Advertiser,August 19, n.d.); Warren Nyer, February 1, 1999. 2. For a history of the Army Reactor Program1955, 1; Plastino, Coming of Age, 65. at the NRTS, see Susan M. Stacy, Historical11. (Borax tests) Argonne National Laboratory, 20. Detroit Edison led a consortium of utility American Engineering Record, IdahoAnnual Report for 1959,ANLReport No. companies called the Power Reactor National Engineering Laboratory, ArmyANL-6125 (Chicago: ANL, 1959), 94. See Development Company. Reactor Experimental Area, HAER No. ID-also J.O. Roberts, Selected Operating 21. Holl, Argonne, 115-116. 33-D.Experience of Commission Power 22. J.O. Roberts, Selected Operating 3. Suid, Armys Nuclear Program, 83.Reactors, a paper presented to the Experience, 37. 4. See Description of ALPR, NucleonicsAmerican Institute of Electrical Engineers, 23. Holl, Argonne, 141-143. (February 1958), and pull-out sectionJune 18, 1961, in IHS, Ms 84, Box 122 B, 24. AEC Tells How Reactor Failed, Business following p. 54.File: AEC-Press Releases; (EBWR) Holl, Week(April 14, 1956): 34; Jerome D. Luntz, 5. Argonne had named the reactor ArgonneArgonne, 150; Robert L. Loftness, Nuclear Nuclear Accidents Are Everybodys Low Power Reactor, or ALPR.Power Plants: Design, Operating Business, Nucleonics(May 1956): 39.2 9 1'