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28 Protecting critical infrastructure Americas economic energy and national security depends upon infrastructure that includes wireless communication systems electric power grids and industrial control systems. For nearly a decade INL has been internationally recognized for research capabilities that squarely intersect each of these areas and enable the nation to address current and emerging challenges. TechnologyAdvancing Infrastructure Security Securing industrial control systems The nations critical energy infrastructure ranges from systems that light cities to networks that deliver oil and gas. Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA systems monitor and manage this complex interdependent infrastructure. The DOEs National SCADA Test Bed program recommends protection strategies that help private utilities improve the resilience of such control systems. Five national labs and more than a dozen industry partners contribute to the program with leadership support from INL. The labs full-scale industry-provided SCADA systems enable routine cyber- analysis by experts. INL also conducts onsite assessments and training vendors representing more than 85 percent of the energy market have participated. This vast experience provided insight that has led to development of cybersecurity tools such as the Sophia software which makes it easier for industry to secure its control systems more cybersecurity on pg. 10. Expanding wireless communications INL has demonstrated leadership in U.S. government initiatives for wireless spectrum sharing innovation. The lab has earned national recognition for its innovative wireless communications solutions more on pg. 11 and has received external validation for its ability to serve as a national wireless test bed for spectrum sharing technology testing and evaluation. One INL expert was invited to testify for a U.S. Congress House committee about the need for national spectrum sharing testing more on page 31. INL also has participated as a member of