Protecting the grid Solar storms which are predicted to become more frequent in 2013 can induce geomagnetic currents that can damage the electric power grid. The Defense Threat Reduction Agency hired INL to test a commercially available mitigation strategy that can thwart transformer damage from such storms. That test the first such full-scale test on a live transmission grid evaluated mitigations under different load and current conditions. Collecting this type of full-scale objective test data validates models and advances the nations understanding of how to protect the grid from these significant phenomena. INL can perform such unbiased analysis using its distinctive grid-testing capability. The lab operates a 61-mile 138-kV dual- fed power loop complete with several substations. Portions of the utility-scale power loop can be isolated for independent full-scale real-time testing. This capability enables a wide array of testing that can help industry and regulators work toward a more secure and resilient electrical grid. Wireless spectrum sharing INL innovation in wireless communications received national and international recognition via three awards for a technology described in this publication last year. The Wireless Spectrum Communications WSComm technology identifies and utilizes available spaces in the radio frequency spectrum. A unique method for spreading the transmission signal enables its receiver to avoid frequency spectra that are plagued 11 with interference. The technology addresses continued commercial expansion while simultaneously serving the needs of national security public safety and other crucial next-generation communication systems. Developed in part in collaboration with University of Utah researchers it won an RD 100 Award a Far West Federal Laboratory Consortium award and an Idaho Innovation Award. Safeguarding nuclear material Building upon core expertise in nuclear fuel and civilian nuclear energy technologies INL has grown into a leading world resource for securing and safeguarding nuclear material. The labs experts collaborate with other national laboratories industry and academia to develop enhanced proliferation-resistant reactor and fuel cycle designs and safeguards instrumentation. INL also provides unique facilities materials and technical expertise to support global nuclear security activities the national technical nuclear forensics community and the training of nuclear emergency first-response personnel at the local state tribal and national levels. As a result INL is becoming recognized as a center for nonproliferation and global security technology research development demonstration and deployment. New collaborative projects development and deployment of safeguards technologies and unique detection technologies have led to this recognition. These efforts are helping achieve national and DOE objectives for enabling international safeguards.