Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 327 Helping the Panamanian government remove potential hazards INL provided the U.S. Army with specialized equipment and expertise to assess suspect chemicals within World War II-era aerial bombs in Panama. INL physicists designed a special version of a Portable Isotopic Neutron Spectroscopy (PINS) instrument specifically for this mission. Configured in a downward- looking geometry, PINS enabled on-site personnel to assess bombs that are discovered in the soil of San Jose Island. INL’s innovative technology and technical expertise assisted the inspection with minimal disturbance to the ordnance and environment. NNSA endorses INL’s safeguards for nuclear materials During the past year, INL continued to work with the National Nuclear Security Administration and the International Atomic Energy Agency to develop and deliver courses and hands-on training to enhance the cybersecurity protection of international nuclear facilities. INL partnered in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with the Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute to provide training and support to further their safety efforts to implement cyber nuclear security, and the lab provided advanced cybersecurity training sessions in the United Kingdom, Brazil, Ghana, Japan and Kazakhstan. PINS systems have been used by the U.S. Army to identify the chemicals within thousands of suspect chemical and explosive munitions and containers since 1992. With more than a decade of experience, the lab takes a comprehensive approach to recognize vulnerabilities and identify the possible impacts to critical infrastructure in order to secure and restore operations.