Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 3225 Tightening cybersecurity of critical infrastructure INL researchers supported the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in a regional effort to assess the cybersecurity of critical infrastructure in Utah, Arizona and Colorado. The team examined various aspects of critical infrastructure – such as cybersecurity controls, control system architecture and adherence to best practices – and provided options for consideration to mitigate and manage risk. Finding a use for excess biomass INL is working with the Idaho State Department of Agriculture to determine whether excess eastern Idaho hay could be used to make bioenergy. Approximately 6,000 tons of alfalfa were adulterated with unexpected residues of methyl bromide used to treat pale cyst nematode. The hay cannot be used as feed but biofuel utilization may be an effective option. However, more data is needed to assess safety, combustibility and other factors. The Biomass Feedstock National User Facility at INL is helping gather data and working to verify a fuel market pathway for the contaminated hay. This analysis is the first of its kind to study the burning of agricultural commodities affected by high levels of inorganic bromide. Studying nuclear energy benefits for coal INL and CAES researchers are collaborating with Oregon-based NuScale Power to study whether coal could be made “cleaner” by drying it using heat from the company’s small modular reactors. The research team will experiment with methods for drying coal. They will evaluate whether removing moisture before coal is burned to generate electricity results in reduced greenhouse gas emissions and if so, how much less. They’re also analyzing whether the process is economically and technically feasible.