Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 3211 Protecting the power grid from solar flares INL researchers are leading technical programs with federal and lab teams to protect the U.S. power grid from the effects of solar storms and threats from directed energy weapons. INL is coordinating a multilaboratory team to develop national- level reports and R&D plans, including a DOE report to Congress, “Strategies, Protections and Mitigations for Electric Grid Effects from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP),” and a research pathway, DOE-OE “Joint Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Resilience Strategy.” This thought leadership contributes to an integrated national approach to protect critical infrastructure. Developing transient testing with the international scientific community A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between INL and French Institut De Radioprotection Et De Surete Nucleaire to support technical exchange on transient testing. This exchange will lead to accelerated development of domestic transient testing capabilities and will advance integration with the international transient testing scientific community. The lab hosted technical leaders from the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission in April to discuss opportunities to use the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT) in severe accident testing for fast reactor design concepts like the Advanced Sodium Technological Reactor for Industrial Demonstration (ASTRID). Nuclear Nonproliferation collaboration Nuclear materials experts from INL negotiated international efforts to secure and transfer highly enriched uranium and plutonium from Japan, Poland and the U.S. to meet 2014 and 2016 Nuclear Security Summit commitments. INL researchers played a critical role in the removal of HEU and plutonium from Japan’s Fast Critical Assembly to the U.S. and removal of HEU from Poland’s Maria Research Reactor to the Russian Federation. INL also contributed in the successful removal of 25,000 pounds of 20 percent enriched uranium from Iran in support of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.